The Eastern Wild Turkey
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1. The eastern wild turkey
is the most plentiful of 5 species of wild turkeys. It
is related to the grouse, quail and pheasant and is the
largest game bird in North America. A mature adult male
turkey is called a
2. Male turkeys fight with
each other for females. Which of the following is true
about their fighting techniques.
A. They stand and face
each other for a moment and then charge at the other
butting heads until one gives up.
B. They strut and make
gobbling sounds while at the same time beating their
wings on the ground and jumping up and down.
C. Each male grabs the
other by the neck or head with its bill. They attempt to
knock each other off balance in order to beat the other
with a wing or spur them with a spike-like hook on their
D. The males each take
turns dancing for the females until the female decides
which mate she wants.
3. The male gobbler can
get to be as much as 25 lbs. The food that turkeys eat
A. Earthworms, lizards,
toads and frogs
B. Buds, leaves, stems,
seeds, corn, nuts, fruits, berries and some insects
C. Grain left out by
helpful citizens in feeders
D. None of the above
4. Which best describes
the abilities and adaptations of the eastern wild turkey
A. Very keen eyesight and
B. Can fly short distances
at speeds up to 50 mph.
C. Can run up to 18 mph
D. All of the above
wild turkeys roost in trees at night only when the
weather is bad.
6. Hunters use sounds in
an attempt to call or lure a turkey to where they are.
Turkeys use sounds to communicate with each other. The
one sound that turkeys make to warn others of danger is
commonly referred to as.
A. The classic "gobble -
B. The putt - putt
C. The continuous "cluck,
D. A series of "yelps"
7. Male turkeys will show
off for the hens. What tactic below best describes the
techniques used by male turkeys to win the heart of a
A. He will fan out his
tail and puff up his feathers
B. He tucks his head back
against his body
C. He struts back and
forth, hissing and dragging his wings on the ground
8. In the spring of the
year, the female turkeys leave the flock to build their
nests in preparation of laying their eggs. The nests are
not very elaborate and are susceptible to predation as
well as foul weather. On average, how many eggs does a
female turkey lay?
9. How many days does it
take to hatch a turkey egg on average?
A. 28 days
B. 14 days
C. 60 days
D. 90 days
10. Many of the hen's eggs
are destroyed before they hatch. The eggs are eaten by a
number of natural predators. There are other animals
that will prey on the young poults soon after they are
born. Which of the following animals are considered to
be natural enemies of the eastern wild turkey?